Czar Nicholas II vs. Mr. Jones
Czar Nicholas II (or Tsar Nicholas II) is the last emperor of Russia, he ruled Russia for 23 years (Daniels, n.d.) and was force to abdicate in 1917, after the Russian revolution, Czar Nicholas II was not support by his people due to his lack of ability in multiple areas, led to a difficult life for the citizen of Russia. His lack of abilities caused people's anger to rapidly increase, until it reached the people's limit, and end up as a revolution, which is the famous Russian Revolution. (Rosenberg, n.d.)
Mr. Jones is first human to appear in the novel, he is the original owner of Manor Farm (or Animal Farm), but was force out of the farm because of the animal revolt. He was hated all over the farm, because of the way he treated the animals, he worked them over their limits, only providing scarce food to keep the animal a life and that they can continue working. The animal didn't prepare for the revolution, it just started because they Mr. Jones forgot to feed them, and they reached their limits, so they charged into Mr. Jones house and took over the farm.
George Orwell chose to relate Czar Nicholas II to Mr. Jones, because they were both owner/ruler of a place and was both force out due to their lack of abilities. Czar Nicholas II was the last emperor of Russia while Mr. Jones is the last human owner of Manor Farm (or Animal Farm), both of them share the same fate because they treated their people/animal the same way. They both took advantage from the other while not giving them what they deserve, causing other's hatred towards them to grow, and eventually end up as a revolution. They both thought they had limitless power, which is another cause of their failure. Czar Nicholas II thought he had a army, weapon, and that he is the Czar, so people would listen to him, but he underestimated the power of Russia citizen, who outnumbered Nicholas' army and won the battle at last. While Mr. Jones underestimated the animals, and thought that he had weapons such as guns and knife, and that the animal are ignorant and would always listen to him and work for him. However, the animal was full of anger, which was already powerful enough to defeat Mr. Jone's powerful weapon and take over the farm.
Mr. Jones is related to Czar Nicholas II because they were both the dictator in the previous regime. Through the way Mr. Jones treated the animals, George Orwell effectively criticized how Czar Nicholas II treated his people and how cruel the Russia government was.